New Report on 1.5°C: “A change of course: How to build a fair future in a 1.5° world

By Susanne Götze, Verena Kern, Sandra Kirchner, Eva Mahnke, Susanne Schwarz

A new report on 1.5 degrees has been issued by Boell, Misereor and Friends of the Earth Germany (BUND). “A change of course: How to build a fair future in a 1.5° world” was released on 28 October 2016. The report critiques mainstream climate politics solutions including offsetting, negative emissions/BECCS and geoengineering. It focuses on highlighting the real solutions requiring focus when aiming for 1.5°C such as a radical transformation of all sectors of the economy, an immediate coal phase out, ecosystem restoration and agroecology. “A change of course: How to build a fair future in a 1.5° world” presents alternatives of how we can stay within the 1.5 degree limit and achieve climate justice and sustainable development.

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Category: Updates

1.5 to stay alive: UN’s warming goal feels the heat

By Saleemul Huq @SaleemulHuq

One of the most hotly contested and far reaching outcomes of the Paris Agreement agreed last December was the inclusion of the long term warming limit of 1.5C above pre industrial levels….

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Photo Caption: Under global warming scenarios above 1.5C, many corals may struggle to adapt say scientists; Photo Credit: Catlinseaviewsurvey; Photo License: CC BY-SA 2.0

European Electric Vehicle Rally in Geneva “Stamps” 1.5 Degrees at UN Gates

• Cars form giant ‘1.5’ to support the goal of the 2015 United Nations Paris Agreement to pursue efforts to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees
• Emissions avoided by each rally car highlights need for market incentives to price carbon and promote more low-emissions electric mobility
Geneva – 17 June, 2016: Europe’s largest electric vehicle rally, bringing 75 teams from 13 nations, entered its finishing phase at Geneva today on the Place des Nations, part of a 1,300km traverse from Bremerhaven, Germany with a simple objective: zero emissions for 1.5 degrees.

2016 WAVE Rally on the Place des Nations in front of the UN European headquarters, Geneva; image: UN/Pierre Virot (June 2016) CC

Taking back control of our climate

by: Damien Clarkson

1.5C WORLD WHERE WE SURVIVE AND THRIVE

In the midst of the political chaos in the UK some positive news on climate change was recently announced. The UK government accepted the Climate Change Committee’s recommendation for a ‘fifth carbon budget’.

The government announced tougher than expected greenhouse gases emissions targets. The UK government will now aim to emit 57% of greenhouse gases based on 1990 levels.

The danger is that chaotic domestic politics in UK and the rest of Europe, could see action on climate change sidelined.

This is a time when the global community needs to come together to ratify the Paris Agreement ahead of the COP 22 summit in November.

In the UK there has been a lot of focus on immigration and border control. The phase ‘Taking back control’, became the buzz phrase of the ‘Leave’, EU campaign.

Any climate scientist will tell you that climate change doesn’t respect international borders. It doesn’t care whether you are in the EU, It doesn’t care about the colour of your skin or what language you speak. Climate change is indiscriminate.

Climate scientist recently reported that levels of co2 have reached 400 parts per million . This is the first time this level of atmospheric carbon has occurred in 15 million years.

As of today France are currently the only industrialised nation to have ratified the Paris agreement. But momentum is gathering, last week German cabinet approved the Paris Agreement. The agreement will now go to their parliament for ratification.

We need to create a world where climate temperature increase is no more than 1.5c. Doing this will need an end to all fossil fuel subsidies and a rapid shift to 100% renewable energy.

TAKING BACK CONTROL

In a recent blog George Marshall talked about ‘Control’, as the key phrase that resonated with people voting for the UK to leave the EU.

As climate change communicators with overwhelming scientific evidence on our side, it is easy for us to fall into the trap of talking in dry information heavy way. And sometimes we forgot to talk in a way which empowers people to feel their actions can make a difference.

CARE’S work with refugees has shown us that many are fleeing from regions affected climate stresses, like drought and food famine.

It has never been more important that the international community stays united. The work to ratify the Paris Agreement in the coming months needs every nation to play its part.

Let’s work together and create a 1.5c future where we can collectively survive and thrive. That sounds like taking back control to me.

Limitar o aquecimento global a 1.5C

Manter o aquecimento global abaixo de 1,5°C é a única META DE TEMPERATURA GLOBAL SEGURA que ainda podemos alcançar.

As metas climáticas são medidas em graus Celsius (ou centígrados) acima dos níveis médios de temperatura do planeta antes da Revolução Industrial (aproximadamente desde 1850). E por que antes da Revolução Industrial? Porque foi com ela que começamos a usar carvão e petróleo em larga escala para gerar energia. Porém ao serem queimados, petróleo e carvão geram poluição, além daquela que causa problemas respiratórios. Esta é a principal (mas não a única) responsável pelo aquecimento do planeta.
Isso é urgente porque sabemos agora o tamanho da ameaça à prosperidade e até mesmo à existência das nações que um aumento acima deste limite representa. As mudanças de temperatura podem soar mínimas, mas o aquecimento de 0,75-0,85 graus Celsius que já tivemos resultou em na duplicação dos dias e noites extremamente quentes em muitos países, bem como em tempestades sem precedentes, inundações, secas, crises alimentares, derretimento da camada glacial e do permafrost, além da elevação do nível dos mares e submersão de grandes áreas de terra – alguns países já perderam ilhas e tiveram que resgatar seus habitantes. Ultrapassar 1,5oC trará riscos significativos à sobrevivência de nações-ilha como Kiribati, Maldivas e Tuvalu, a regiões costeiras como o Delta do Mekong, Flórida e sul de Bangladesh e cidades costeiras como o Rio de Janeiro e Salvador.

Os dez últimos recordes de temperatura ocorreram neste século. O ano passado foi o mais quente desde o início dos registros e tudo indica que em 2016 teremos um novo recorde. Se continuarmos nesse ritmo, enfrentaremos problemas cada vez mais graves de abastecimento de água e produção de alimentos, além da maior disseminação de epidemias provocadas por mosquitos, como a zyka.
Por isso, 1,5oC é o recorde que não devemos quebrar.

É VIÁVEL

Precisamos ZERAR as emissões líquidas de gases de efeito estufa até a metade do século. Relatórios científicos apontam a necessidade de, até 2050, reduzir as emissões de gases do efeito estufa em 70 a 95%, em comparação com os níveis de 2010.

Para manter o aquecimento global abaixo de 1,5°C, reduções significativamente maiores de emissão de gases de efeito estufa precisam acontecer entre 2030 e 2050. Na prática, isso significa mais investimentos, mas também mais empregos e oportunidades, no curto prazo – e mais saúde e qualidade de vida, no longo prazo. Para os investidores, os aportes maiores no curto prazo serão compensados pela redução nos impactos das mudanças climáticas.

O mundo todo já começou a caminhar nessa direção: em vários países o consumo do carvão – o combustível que mais polui o ar – está em queda. As energias renováveis são cada vez mais populares na Europa, na América do Norte, na Ásia e também no Brasil. E estes são apenas dois exemplos. O que precisamos agora é caminhar mais rápido. Ou melhor: correr!

ESPORTISTAS PEDEM 1,5oC

1,5°C é também o apelo daqueles que participam do maior evento esportivo do planeta. Os esportistas, com base em sua própria experiência, têm grande legitimidade para falar dos desafios e benefícios da elevação cada vez mais ambiciosa de metas.

Mas enquanto buscam quebrar recordes esportivos, atletas de todo o mundo unem-se para cobrar ações – por parte de governos, empresas e indivíduos, para que o recorde de 1,5°C não seja quebrado.
Junte-se à campanha 1.5oC o recorde que não devemos quebrar, postando uma foto sua com 1.5C escrito em sua mão, usando a #1o5C e envie uma mensagem aos governos, às empresas e às pessoas de todo o mundo alertando para o imperativo de trabalharmos em conjunto para manter o aquecimento global a um mínimo que aumente as chances de sobrevivência e prosperidade para todos.

Como Participar

Keeping global warming below 1.5°C is the only SAFE GLOBAL TEMPERATURE GOAL that we can still achieve.

The climate goals are measured in degrees Celsius above average temperature levels of the planet before the Industrial Revolution (approximately since 1850). Why before the Industrial Revolution? Because it was then that we began to use coal and petroleum on a large scale to generate energy. But when combusted, oil and coal generate pollution. This is a main (but not the only) culprit for the warming of the planet.

We are at an urgent point in time as we now know the size of the threat to the prosperity and existence of nations that an increase above this limit represents. Temperature changes may sound minimal, but the heating 0.75-0.85 degrees Celsius, has already resulted in the doubling of extremely hot days and nights in many countries, as well as unprecedented storms, floods, droughts, food crises, melting of the ice layer and permafrost. In addition to rising sea levels and submersion of large areas of land – some countries have lost islands and had to rescue its inhabitants. Surpassing 1.5oC will bring significant risks to the survival of island nations such as Kiribati, Maldives and Tuvalu, to coastal regions such as the Mekong Delta, Florida and Southern Bangladesh and coastal cities such as Rio de Janeiro and Salvador.

The last ten record temperatures happened in this century. Last year was the hottest year since record keeping began and it seems that in 2016, we will have a new record. If we continue on this path, we will confront ever more challenging problems of water supply and food production, in addition to the greater dissemination of epidemics spread by mosquitos such as Zika.

That is why 1.5o C is the record we must not break. It is achievable.

We need ZERO net emissions of greenhouse gases by mid-century.

Science indicates that by 2050 it requires a 70-95% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, compared to 2010 levels.

To keep global warming below 1.5°C, significantly greater reductions of greenhouse gas emissions must take place between 2030 and 2050. In practice this means more investments, but also more jobs and opportunities in the short term – and more health and quality of life in the long run. For investors, the largest investments in the short term will be paid off by the reduction of impacts from climate change.

The whole world has begun to move in this direction: in several countries consumption of coal – that is the fuel that pollutes the air – is falling. Renewable energy is increasingly popular in Europe, North America, Asia and Brazil. What we need now is to walk faster. Or even better: run
ATHLETES CALL FOR 1.5oC.

1.5°C also appeals to those who participate in the biggest sporting event on the planet. The athletes, based on their own experience, have great legitimacy to talk about the challenges and benefits of lifting up increasingly ambitious goals.

But while they will strive to break many sports records, athletes from around the world are uniting to ask that the 1.5°C record is not broken.

Join the campaign ‘1.5°C the record we must not break’ by posting a photo with 1.5C written on the palm of your hand, using the hashtag #1o5C and send a message to governments, businesses and people around the world, alerting for the need to work together to keep warming to a minimum that will increase the chances of survival and prosperity of all.

How to Participate

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Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Vestibulum ex urna, ullamcorper posuere orci et, tincidunt sollicitudin massa. Phasellus ullamcorper ac augue in pellentesque. Maecenas tristique id sapien at suscipit. Nam sed dui pulvinar quam dictum consectetur. Cras eu dui eget nisl bibendum egestas sit amet finibus leo. Donec pulvinar suscipit ligula, et commodo lacus suscipit a. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Integer nec orci rhoncus, tincidunt dui ut, ullamcorper mauris. Mauris fringilla posuere lacus. Mauris interdum nibh ac euismod rhoncus. Aliquam non urna et sapien consequat euismod consectetur eget elit. Nullam aliquam facilisis lectus, vitae blandit arcu placerat in.

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